I tried to configure the Dashboard Designer of PerformancePoint Services 2013 to access the SSAS cubes. I can't list the SSAS databases.
After research, including in the event viewer, it appears that it is a problem of version.
SQL Server 2012 comes with ADOMD.NET version 11, as that has been installed. But the Dashboard Designer requires only the version 10 of the provider.
The installation of the ADOMD.NET provider for the SQL Server 2008 R2 feature pack fix the problem.
The correct solution would be access to the databases without installing an old version of ADOMD.NET.